I am currently holding a few growth stocks such as Palantir, Nio, Pinterest and their share prices are more volatile as compared to mega-caps such as Microsoft, Apple or Alphabet (Google).
Why Weekly Covered Call?
For these stocks which I own 100 shares or more, I sold weekly covered calls instead of monthly covered calls as it is easier to keep track of their share prices this way instead of losing sight of them and missing out on their share price spiking up.
The risk when the share price spikes up is that the covered call contract will be more likely to get exercised, which means you have to sell your shares at the strike price (agreed price to sell). If the strike price is lower than your breakeven price, then you make a loss.
If you should decide that you do not want to sell the shares and instead choose to buy back the covered call contract, then the premium will increase significantly and be higher than what you have received when you opened the contract.
The Psychology Of Time
When you have a one-month contract expiry instead of a one-week contract expiry, you may not want to close the contract so soon, hoping there could be a reversal to the trend that is working against you.
However, if the stock continues the trend with no reversal, then the loss will be greater as compared to if you have closed it sooner. I have lost money on occasions where the stock was going sideways for a few weeks only to spike up nearer the expiration date.
Why The Need To Monitor?
In a typical covered call contract, if the strike price is the share price you are willing to sell, there is actually no need to monitor the share price. If the share price closes lower than the strike price on expiration, you keep your shares and premium.
If the share price closes higher than the strike price, you sell your shares and earn a profit off them. You then have the capital to continue the Wheel strategy by selling a cash-secured put contract.
However, if the share price of your stock has fallen significantly, lower than your average (break-even) price, and you are selling covered call to earn some returns while waiting for the share price to recover, and your strike price is below the price you are willing to sell, then it is critical to monitor the share price so that you do not have to be forced to sell your shares at a loss.
Example: You own 100 Apple shares at an average of $200. However, Apple is currently trading at $150. You decide to sell a covered call contract expiring in 30 days with a strike price of $160. It is critical to make sure the contract does not get exercised or you will end up losing $4000 for selling your Apple shares.
ITM, ATM or OTM?
The premium received from selling covered call increases from OTM (least) to ATM to ITM (most). However, the probability of getting assigned also increases from OTM (least) to ATM to ITM (most).
As an option contract seller, you would usually not want your contract to get assigned/ exercised. Because you can keep repeating the whole process, contract after contract, and keep collecting premium, while you keep your shares for the long term.
I personally like to sell ATM or slightly OTM-covered calls as this offers the best risk to reward ratio. ITM may give a higher premium but eventually, you are selling your shares at a lower price if the contract gets assigned. Deep OTM covered call gives a very low premium which is not worth it, unless the strike price gives you very good profits if you have to sell when the contract gets assigned. Having said that, the good thing about deep OTM calls is the chance of being assigned will become lower.
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This blog is as authentic and as transparent as I can share, I do not just show the wins and hide the loss. I have made some very bad decisions in the first 8 years of investing and paid a huge price for them. Here is the loss I have accumulated during these years. I hope you learn some lessons from my mistakes.
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